Singapore National Abseiling Standards
(SNAS) Level 2 for Schools & Corporations

Singapore Nation Abseiling Standards (SNAS) Level 2

This course teaches a progression into acquiring advance personal proficiency skills to descend and ascend on ropes.

Introduction of Other Abseil Equipment (usage, care, limitation)

  • Accessory cords (various diameter)
  • Slings/ Tapes
  • Descending device – (Tubular, GRIGRI, STOP)

Knots and Hitches

  • Double Figure of 8 knot
  • Double Figure of 8 knot with double bight
  • Double Fisherman knot
  • Tape knot
  • Friction knots (Standard, Klemheist, French)
  • Clove Hitch
  • Italian Hitch (Munter)
  • Half Hitch

Setting up fixed anchor system
Descend Practice

  • Abseil with different devices, Italian Hitch
  • Abseil with backup (auto-block)

Ascending on ropes (prusiking)

  • Ascend and descend on ropes using accessory cords
  • Ascend and changeover to abseil with backup

Self Rescue Technique

  • Escape from jammed devices, cords
  • Escape from knotted rope (joint ropes)

Safety Considerations

  • Rope placement on descender (smiley face)
  • Loading a karabiner on a minor axis & 3 points loading
  • Importance of dressing a good knot
  • Using an auto-braking device

Course Review

  • Suggestions for further advancement
  • Importance of dressing a good knot
  • General discussion and feedback

Passing Standards

Trainees must demonstrate the following course requirements :

  • Correct harness usage
  • Setup a fixed anchor system for abseil
  • Perform a safe and controlled descend with backup
  • Perform rope ascend and descend using accessory cords
  • Ascend on rope and changeover to abseil with backup
  • Perform a self rescue technique
  • Safe equipment handling


Applicants must be at least 16 years of age
Abseiling Proficiency Course Level One certificate